Jaipong Dance, West Java


One of Indonesia’s unique traditional dances is the jaipong dance because this dance from West Java has energetic movements. The dancers wear bright costumes with elegant scarves and hair ornaments to make this dance popular with many groups.

Before we discuss the uniqueness of traditional jaipong dance, let’s get to know its history at a glance.

History of Jaipong Dance

This traditional form comes from the creativity of an artist from Karawang, West Java named Haji Suanda who loves art so much. He is also known as a reliable artist figure and has many talents in the field of dance and has created various famous dance creations.

He combined several elements of the performing arts to create innovations in the field of other performing arts which later gave birth to the jaipong dance which was not originally named jaipong.

The work of Haji Suanda has attracted the enthusiasm of other artists from various circles.

One of the artists who is enthusiastic about the dance creations of Haji Suanda is Gugum Gumbira. He studied and tried to master other dance movements which were then packaged into new dance movements and introduced as jaipong dance to the wider community.

The uniqueness of Jaipong Dance

After we get to know about its brief history, we will discuss the uniqueness of this dance from West Java.


This traditional dance movement is indeed different from most other traditional dances which tend to be gentle, jaipong actually has an agile and energetic movement so that the audience will not get bored watching this one art performance.


The music used to accompany the dance uses joyful music, a combination of the melodious singing of the sinden vocals with the strains of drums, gongs, kecapi, fiddle, and kecrek which combine into attractive traditional musical instruments and match the agile movements of dancers.


The costumes of the dancers are designed in bright and striking kebaya colors, as well as a combination of long shawls (sampur) and headdresses wearing a bun and other accessories to make the dancers look more elegant.

Movement Type

The types of Jaipong movements consist of the opening movement, the pencungan movement, the ngala movement, and the mincit movement.

Combined Various Arts

Jaipong is a combination of various other arts originating from West Java, such as pencak silat, tap tilu, and wayang golek. That’s why some jaipong movements are similar to the attractive pencak silat movements.

Jaipong itself has become a well-known dance and is a characteristic of the West Java region. This dance depicts a dance and performance art that is lively but still gracefully packaged, making the jaipong dance a unique and colorful traditional Indonesian dance.


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