The Very Rich Java Culture


Java culture is so famous all around the world. Wayang performance, exotic Batik’s pattern, their Keraton tradition, and so many other cultures have been witnessed by the world’s eyes. However, when you are visiting the heart of Java culture, you might still get yourself caught by Indonesia shock culture. Being the highest number of ethnic groups in the country, the culture of Java is actually quite complex. Do you know why? Check the tidbit below.

Java Culture: Javanese and Sundanese

When Indonesian people first hear the word ‘Java’ most of them will probably refer to Central Java, Yogyakarta, and East Java as well. The fact is the word Java encompasses the whole groups of people living on the island of Java, including West Java.

The issue arises as there are two significantly different tribes on the island: Sundanese and Javanese. They have different traditional houses, clothes, and languages as well. Sundanese is labeled for those living in West Java. Meanwhile, the rest of the population is called Javanese. Together, these tribes enrich the culture of Java.

The island of Java is located in the middle southern part of Indonesia. Indonesia’s capital city lies on this island. The main transportations to travel from one city to another are train, airplane, car, and bus. 

Keraton in Java

Keraton has been the soul of Java culture. In some ways, it can even sum up the culture that Java people live in. Keraton also stands as proof that there is another power applicable in the society than the nation itself.

The rich cultures exist among societies commonly come from Keraton. Slametan, mitoni, nyewu are just a few examples of how Keraton influences the habits of the people. However, not all Java people do festivals or rituals. Some choose to stick to it, while some others leave it.

There are many Keraton around Java. Keraton Yogyakarta, Keraton Surakarta, and Keraton Kasepuhan are the well-known Keraton names in Indonesia. Lots of people visit them for historical and educational reasons.


A one-page article can never be enough, to sum up, the culture owned by Java. Yet, there is a unique culture you cannot miss out on. It deals with circumcision. Yap! Boys aged 6 to 12 years old are usually dear to this ritual. Khitan is a common name to define the circumcision ritual. After the boy is being circumcised, the family usually holds a festival to celebrate. A slametan and wayang kulit performance is held to deliver their gratefulness to God.

Rich is a word that can best describe the abundant culture on the island. Sundanese and Javanese both equally contribute to the richness. That is what actually Java culture made of.



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