Indonesia is a unitary state that is full of ethnic, cultural, racial, regional, religious and other diversity. Although built from differences, Indonesia is still able to unite these various diversity so as to form a motto of the State ‘Bhinneka Tunggal Ika’ which means that even though the differences remain one thing. Cultural diversity itself is also often referred to as cultural diversity and this has become a necessity owned by the Indonesian state. In Indonesia, cultural diversity has become an absolute thing that cannot be denied anymore.
Plural society also understands the context if in addition to culture and ethnicity, Indonesia is also present with the diversity of customs and culture of each region which is regional by nature which brings together customs from one another. In short, culture between one tribe in one region will be different from tribal culture in another region. Not only that, Indonesia’s population of more than 200 million people also occupy various Indonesian islands with different geographical conditions. There are residents who live in the highlands, lowlands, mountainous areas, coastal areas, urban areas to rural areas with different atmosphere and customs.
Not just an example of diverse regional cultures in Indonesia. The level of civilization that meets the diversity of cultures and customs also greatly affects cultural assimilation in Indonesia, even this is also one of the factors why culture in the country continues to grow. The development of major religions also offers a large contribution in our beloved homeland, these religions become a real mirror of the united differences in the Indonesian state, even the world has recognized it. There are many examples of the diversity of Indonesian culture, ranging from the context of traditional civilization to the modern nature of providing its own advantages for this nation, of course, a splendor and uniqueness that will never be found in other countries.
The Diversity of Indonesian Customs
Adat is something that is done according to the habits of the local community. In Indonesia itself, customs and traditions between one tribe to another have significant differences. The clearest example can be seen from the traditions of the Javanese people with the people of NTT, Papua and Bali with quite obvious differences. However, it is this difference that makes everything unique and inspires curiosity from the other side’s eyes. The uniqueness and difference possessed by the Indonesian state must be known by each of its people so that it is not easily claimed by other countries.
An area’s customs would ideally reflect the soul and character of a community. Customs themselves become an attitude of someone who has been followed for generations from a fairly long period of time. You can see it from Java, which is known as a society that holds fast to the customs of the heritage of its ancestors. There are a variety of unique and interesting Javanese customs and traditions. Starting from the Sekaten ceremony, Tedak Siten and there are still many traditions of weddings, pregnancy to the death process that is still being carried out today by the people of Java.
In the corner of Sumatra, the unique customs and traditions of the community are quite diverse even though each region is still on the same island. The geographical area is one of the main factors why Sumatra lives with some unique traditions. Starting from the tradition of Mangongkal Holi North Sumatra, Ngobeng South Sumatra, Nganggung Bangka Belitung and many others. On the Kalimantan side, there are other uniqueness in the form of Maccera Tasi, Aruh Baharin, Mandi Tian Mandaring and others. While Sulawesi presents the unique traditions of Mappalili, Ammateang, customs during pregnancy and so on. No less unique are Bali and Papua present as two main flashlights of the beauty and uniqueness of Indonesian culture which has been popular in the eyes of the world.
Ethnic and Indonesian Diversity
Based on anthropological science reviews, it is known that Indonesia’s ancestors came from Yunan, South China. Until 500 BC, at least this nation had been inhabited by submongoloid migrant populations mixed with indigenous populations from South Asia. This fact makes the diversity of Indonesian culture from ethnic groups very much. Until now there have been recorded about 11 tribal areas in Indonesia according to Van Vollenoven, including Aceh, Bangka Belitung, Nias and Batu, Bali and Lombok, Gorontalo, Malay, Minangkabau, Mentawai, Minahasa, Kalimantan, Sangir, Talaud, Ambon, Java West, South Sulawesi, South Sumatra, Ternate, Irian, Timor, Southwest Islands, Gayo, Alas, Batak, Java, Toraja and others.
Not only united with various ethnic groups in Indonesia, Indonesia is also one of the nations with a diversity of languages that are not easily found in other nations. Based on its development, Indonesian is still included in the Austronesian (Australian-Asian) language family. A scientist divides this language family into several sub-groups, such as Western Indonesian including Acehnese, Batak, Gayo, Minangkabau, Malay, Lampung, and others. There is also the eastern part of Indonesian, covering the western Pacific region to the Arafura Sea, the eastern and northern parts of Australia.
Diversity of Arts and Culture
Ethnic diversity naturally results in diverse arts and culture. Starting from the literary arts, dance, music, drama, fine arts and many others are born from the beautiful differences that each tribe has. There are many benefits that can be obtained from the diversity of arts and culture. For example, in the field of cultural language a region will create their respective regional languages in order to enrich the differences in language terms. So in the field of tourism, the potential diversity of arts and culture can be used as the main object to increase tourism in the country. You certainly agree on how the uniqueness of regional dances is increasingly being looked at by the world so as to bring in foreign exchange for the country.
Correspondingly, cultural and artistic differences also contribute to creating architectural designs and building structures that differ from one region to another. This fact is what makes the country of Indonesia has a variety of traditional houses that are unique and different according to their respective shapes. Each traditional house has a different historical story and will usually be based on the geographical conditions of an area. All of these differences ultimately bring a uniqueness that makes the Indonesian country look different from other countries in the world.
Not only dance, drama, music and various traditional Indonesian houses. This nation is also very popular with charming traditional clothing. There are 34 provinces in Indonesia, and each province has its own traditional houses, dances, weapons, languages, tribes, songs and traditional clothing, each with its own nickname in Indonesia. All these differences are in fact not something to worry about, and Indonesia has succeeded in proving them. This nation can unite in beauty in tune with mutual respect and respect for any differences that exist. Even a sense of mutual love also appears for the same purpose, namely to protect and preserve the diversity of Indonesia culture.